Huawei plans to sell budget-brand smartphone unit Honor in a 100 billion yuan ($15.2 bn) deal to a consortium led by handset distributor Digital China and the government of its home town of Shenzhen, people with knowledge of the matter have said.
The plan comes as US restrictions on supplying Huawei Technologies force the world's second-biggest smartphone maker - after South Korea's Samsung Electronics – to focus on high-end handsets and corporate-oriented business, the people said.
It also indicates little expectation for any swift change in the US perception of Huawei as a security risk following a change in US administration, one of the sources said.
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The all-cash sale will include almost all assets including brand, research & development capabilities and supply chain management, the people said. Huawei could announce it as early as Sunday.
Main Honor distributor Digital China Group will become a top-two shareholder of sold-off entity Honor Terminal Co Ltd with a near-15% stake, two of the sources told Reuters. Honor Terminal was incorporated in April and is fully owned by Huawei, according to the corporate registry.
Digital China, which also partners Huawei in businesses such as cloud computing, plans to finance the bulk of the deal with bank loans, the two people said. It will be joined by at least three investment firms backed by the government of financial and technology hub Shenzhen, with each owning 10% to 15%, they said.
After the sale, Honor plans to retain most of its management team and 7,000-plus workforce and go public within three years, the people said, declining to be identified due to confidentiality constraints.
Honor declined to comment. Huawei, Digital China and the Shenzhen government did not immediately respond to requests for comment. But on Wednesday Digital China and Huawei said they had yet to reach an agreement on the sale of Honor.
The US government last year moved to prevent most US companies from conducting business with Huawei - also the world's biggest telecoms equipment vendor - citing national security concerns. Huawei has repeatedly denied being a security risk.
In May, Washington announced rules aimed at constricting Huawei's ability to procure chips featuring US technology for use in fifth-generation (5G) telecom network equipment and smartphones such as its premium P and Mate series.
Huawei established Honor in 2013 but the business mostly operates independently. Divestment will mean Honor is no longer subject to Huawei's US sanctions, analysts said.
Honor sells smartphones through its own websites and third-party retailers in China where it competes with Xiaomi, Oppo and Vivo in the market for lower-priced handsets. It also sells its phones in Southeast Asia and Europe.
Honor-brand smartphones made up 26% of the 51.7 million handsets Huawei shipped in July-September, showed estimates from researcher Canalys. Honor's products also include laptops, tablet computers, smart TVs and electronic accessories.
With margins thin for lower-end phones, Honor booked about 6 billion yuan in net profit on revenue of around 90 billion yuan last year, said one of the people, citing audited figures.