The United States is set to add dozens of Chinese companies, including the country's top chipmaker SMIC, to a trade blacklist on Friday.
The Commerce Department is expected to add around 80 additional companies and affiliates to the so-called entity list, nearly all of them Chinese.
The move is the latest in President Donald Trump's efforts to cement his tough-on-China legacy. It comes just weeks before Democratic President-elect Joe Biden is set to take office on January 20.
China's foreign ministry said that, if true, the blacklisting would be evidence of US oppression of Chinese companies and that Beijing would continue to take "necessary measures" to protect their rights.
"We urge the US to cease its mistaken behaviour of unwarranted oppression of foreign companies," ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said.
SMIC and the Commerce Department did not respond to requests for comment.
The Americans are expected to name Chinese companies that Washington says have ties to the Chinese military, including some it says are helping it construct and militarise artificial islands in the South China Sea, as well as some involved in alleged human rights violations, sources claimed.
The Trump administration has often used the entity list – which now includes more than 275 China-based firms and affiliates – to hit key Chinese industries.
These include telecoms equipment giants Huawei Technologies Co, and 150 affiliates, and ZTE Corp over sanction violations, as well as surveillance camera maker Hikvision over suppression of China's Uighur minority.
Shares in SMIC, formally the Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp, fell 5.2% in Hong Kong on Friday, while its Shanghai-listed shares declined 1.8%. The benchmark indices in the two markets were down less than 1%.
SMIC has already been in Washington’s crosshairs. In September, the Commerce Department mandated that suppliers of certain equipment to the company apply for export licences after concluding there was an "unacceptable risk" that equipment supplied to it could be used for military purposes.
Last month, the Defense Department added the company to a blacklist of alleged Chinese military companies, effectively banning US investors from buying its shares starting late next year.
SMIC has repeatedly said that it has no relationship with the Chinese military.
The entity list designation would force SMIC to seek a special licence from the Commerce Department before a US supplier could send it key goods, part of a bid by the administration to curb its access to sophisticated US chipmaking technology.
The US is also expected to add numerous SMIC-affiliated companies to the entity list, the sources said.
SMIC is the largest Chinese chip manufacturer but trails Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co, the industry's market leader.
Ties between Washington and Beijing have grown increasingly antagonistic over the past year as the world's top two economies sparred over Beijing's handling of the coronavirus outbreak, imposition of a national security law in Hong Kong and rising tensions in the South China Sea.